City of Enlightenment and Modernity
Home to the world's most famous architecture and art schools
The former residence of the state of Anhalt was mentioned in a document in 1213. Under the leadership of Prince Johann Georg II (r. 1660–1693), Dessau became of growing cultural and economic importance. Through his wife, Henriette Catharina of Oranien-Nassau, a treasure trove of Dutch and Flemish painting came to Dessau as part of the “Oranic Heritance”. This is now the basis of the collections of the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie, which will reopen in May 2021 after the renovation of Schloss Georgium.
With Hugo Junkers, one of the most important German engineers and entrepreneurs of the 20th century worked in Dessau, which made Dessau one of the most important industrial cities in Central Germany. Dessau gained international renown in the 1920s through junkers’ gas appliances and aircraft as well as through the settlement of the Bauhaus.
With the Anhaltisches Theater, Dessau-Roßlau is home to a nationally important 4-genre theatre that combines spoken, music, dance and puppet theatre.
Prince Leopold I, who went down in history as the “Old Dessauer”, dominates the square in front of the city and castle church of St. Mary. Once the church, in which Luther also preached, was decorated with works from the Cranach workshop. Three of these paintings are exhibited in St. John’s Church.
Kurt Weill, the composer of the “Threepenny Opera”, the poet Wilhelm Müller and the scholar Moses Mendelssohn are among the famous sons of the city.
BAUHAUS MUSEUM DESSAU
Visit the world’s second largest collection on the subject of Bauhaus and discover the approximately 50,000 exhibits.
Please contact the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation or the Dessau Tourist Information for your planning, consultations or booking of guided tours.
(Information can be obtained from the Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau)
D-06846 Dessau-Roßlau, Germany